Saturday, April 9, 2011

Periya Thiruvadi - Sri Garudan

Garuda Bhagwan has also many other names like Kruthman, Suparnan, Padakendran, Pakshirajan, Dharshayan, Modhaka modhar, Malli pushpa priyar, Mangalalayar, Kshemakari, Periya Thiruvadi, Jaya Garudan Pullarsu, Kaluzhan, Suvanan giri etc

1. Of all vahanas, in the utsava processions of Emperumaan, Garuda Sevai, is considered most important, because indirectly it gives an explanation of thatvam thryam. The wooden blocks, on which garudan is seated is achit garudan is chit, and Emperumaan is above all these is eshwara thatvam

It simply emphasizes 3 thatvas of our visishtadvaitha sampradayam and it is a proven fact through Gajendra Moksham that Emperumaan comes swiftly on Garuda vahanam to save chetanas.

2. Man gala Vadhyas (auspicious sounds of instruments) are totally 16 in number, commonly they are called Aadhodhyam, Garuda bhagwan’s dwani is equal to this Aadhodhyam

3. Garuda dharsanam pun yam that Hopi dhwaniruchyathey” is the proof which tells us it is auspicious to have dharshan of Garuda and hear his dwani

4. In the war between Lord Sri Rama and Ravana, it was Garuda, who helped Rama and Lakshmana to come out Nagapasam says Ramayana

5. When the Milky ocean was churned, it was Garuda who brought Mandira Mountain by the command of the lord and placed it in the milky ocean

6. Again by the consent of the lord Srinivas, Garuda brought one of the 8 vimanas namely Kiridachalam from the Vaikuntam, and placed it on the hills of Tirumala, and it is the same anandanilaya vimana which we see in Tirumala today to mark this Kainkaryams of Garuda, one of the seven hills is named as Garudachalam.

7. Eshwara Samhita states “Vaakchindhi mahathibaveth gyanam samahathabnothi yachaandathikkangsheetham” meaning, due to the grace of garuda bhagwan, we can get, good memory, vedantha gyanam and eloquent speech & even a mention of this is made in Padma Purana starting with verses “Chidyachayatha purvam”

8. Mostly vahanams of Emperumaan don’t have vahanams, for themselves but Garuda Bhagwan being himself the vahanam of Maha Vishnu has vayu as his vahanam this is proved by the verse of “Suparno vayu vahana:” of Vishnu Sahasranamam

9. In Mahabharata, ultimately the Pandavas got their victory through the Garuda Vyuham

10. It was garuda again who fought with Virochana and brought back the “vairamudi”(crown) and presented it to Lord krishna, which now can be seen during the Vairmudi festival adorned by Chella pillai in Thirunaryanapuram, Melkote

11. When Garuda brought the amrutha kalasam, to release his mother from bondage, the grass which was with the kalasam, got the divine touch of amrutha and got a new name called “amrutha veeryam”, which is now called dharbam in this world

12. Whenever a new city is developed, or vedhis are built in yaga salai, and organizing positions during war, it will done in the style of garuda flying with his large wings, as this position is believed to bring victory. There is also a talk, that Thanjavur was built in this style in olden days, and its former name was “Garudapuri”

13. Garuda bhagwan is adhistana devathai for the 5 types of vayu which is jeevathara for humans

14. In his japa we have mala manthram, & according to adharva veda he is given the first place among 32 vidyas

15. It is said a fragmented piece of Meru Mountain by garuda bhagwan, fell into the ocean, and later came up as Lanka

16. In the.Bramhotsavams of all Srivaishnava temples .On the first day, the main activity is the “Dhvajarohana,” the hoisting of the Garuda flag at the Dhvajastambham. This signifies the commencement of the Brahmotsavam. It is believed that Garuda goes to Devalokam and invites the Devas to attend the function, and On the last day evening the Garuda flag will be lowered as a mark of completion of the Brahmostavam.which is called Dwajaavarohanam.

17. Lord Krishna in Bhagavath Gita, states ”Paritranaya Saadhunaam……….”
Lord comes to rescue sadhus by showing them his “Padukas” as their resort, and when it comes to destroy dushtas he uses Garuda Bhagwan.

18. Garuda Bhagwan is one among Nithyasuris and important devathai for Sanyasis

19. Garuda bhagwan’s nakshatram(star) is swathi, vedas give much prominence to this swathi nakshatram, and also calls this as “Jyothir” Nakshatram, In this nakshatram was born Perialwar as amsam of garuda bhagwan and Lord Narasimhan took avatharam in this swathi.There is a common belief that when Swati Nakshatra rain comes to earth(when the sun is in Tula rasi) it produces pearl in pearl oysters. The mollusk is then said to open its mouth to receive the first raindrops. The pearls thus produced by the raindrops of Swati Nakshatra are the finest and have no foreign matter in them.

20. Fear of Garuda made the snake Kaaliyan to shift to Yamuna River from Ramanakam Island.

21. Lord Maha Vishnu has Garuda Dwajam (flag) that is Garuda sitting on the flag of our Lord, which denotes Lord’s victory over His enemies; from the position on the flag of our Lord, we are able to infer garuda’s glories. who has incarnated as Sankarshana among the four Vyuha Murthys of Sriman Narayana, which are Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradhumna and Aniruddha.

22. Garuda bhagwan does all the intimate kainkaryas to his Lord Maha Vishnu and is His Antharanga dhaasan. Garuda is devoted always to the Lord and does 7 types of kainkaryams (services)

23. Garuda is renowned for his great speed. He ranges in the sky like a meteor, throwing the clouds tops The gush of wind produced from his wings causes a tremor in the mountains, a strong flutter in the water of the sea and overturns a large number of trees. Vishnu has a great liking for him on account of his might and speed, and employs him as His conveyance. Garuda not only serves Vishnu as his conveyance, but also assists him in actual fighting. He flung away the Rakshasa Malyavan fighting against Vishnu.

24. In Sri Villiputtur Garuda Bhagwan shares his aasanam (seat) along with Rangamannar & Andal inside the Garbagraha which is very unique

25. Garuda bhagwan has 5 vyuha forms namely Sathyan, Suparnan, Garudan, Dhaarshayan and Vihakesvaran and his 5 mantra word has Vishwamitra as its rishi and Sriman Naraynan as its Devatha

26. Nachiyar Koil is famous for Kal Garaudar Sannadhi, made up of saligrama stone, garudar is a vara prasadhi, especialy in utsavams, Garuda seva is very unique in this kshetra, a magical event occurs during Garuda Sevai, Garuda increases weight in manifold during street processions that takes place at Nachiyar Koil. While only 4 people carry Lord Garuda out of his sannadhi, as the garuda goes out of each layer and prakaram, he said to increase in weight, in geometric proportion that 8,16,32,64 ..people are required to carry Lord Garuda out of the temple, finally when he comes out of the temple his weight increases that 128 people are required to carry him, on his way back, the weight decreases in the same way, and finally when he is back in sannadhi only 4 people are required to carry him

27. Thirumangai Alwar, Periya Alwar, Poigai Alwar etc have done their Mangalasasanams to Garuda Bhagwan

28. The Mauryas considered Garuda as “Lucky God” and during the Guptas Period, The kings Kumara Guptan, Samudra Guptan embossed the seal of Garuda in their coins, and Garuda was present in the flag and seal of Devagiri Yadavas, and even Buddhist considerd HIM as their favorite bird.

29. The shadow of Garuda’s wings, when fall upon the agricultural areas, removes Earth”s Pollution and gives good yield

30. Coming to worldly affairs sometimes we do get surprised that even after having so much of potentiality, resources, & rich culture etc our country is not flourished but America is so prosperous, Why? it is because The Eagle(Garuda) is the national seal & bird of the United States of America.(even though unaccepted, it is a fact) It appears on most of its official seals, including the Seal of the President of the United States. It is also called “Golden Bird, Lucky Bird” by them

31. Indonesia has named its air-flights as “Garuda Indonesia” & its logo is also the picture of garuda.

Thus goes on the list, but as already mentioned by adiyen, words from mere human mouth, cannot sing all the glories of garuda bhagwan and in this context, adiyen would like to mention, adiyen’s grand father used to always recite a sloka when preparing himself for a task,

“Pakshow they marutha ha: padhu, chandra ha: brustam saputraka I
Serasthu padhu they vanni hi: baskara ha: sarvamevathu II
vishnu hu: sarvagatha ha: sarvanee anganee dhvaicha vahi” III

The above sloka, is the blessing words which Garuda Bhagwan got from his mother Vinathai when he went to fetch the Amrutham, these same words were told by Kaushalya Devi who blessed her son Lord Rama when he started for Vanavasam.

Thus by chanting this sloka, we can achieve victory, in all our effiorts. In Siriya Thirumadal Thirumangai Alwar while explaining Gajendra Moksham, says the Elephant called

“Narayana O Manivanna Nagannayaay Vaarai En Aaridarai Neekai”

Immediately came Emperumaan on Garuda, and saved Gajendra, thus Periya thiruvadi, is more eager to carry emperumaan, swiftly, in saving chetanas when called with full devotion and faith. Let us all take refugee in the lotus feet of Sriman Narayana which is holded by Garuda Bhagwan, to bless us with unshakable faith & bakthi in our sath sampradayam.

Glorification of Garuda

We have offered in this series an introductory tracing of the presence of Sri Garuda from India's southern tip to the northern Himalayas. There is such an abundance of examples of Garuda worship around the world that we can't begin to cover even the finest here. In fact, the presence of Garuda throughout Java, Sumatra, Bali and Cambodia is so great it will require a number of articles dedicated to that region alone.

Before we complete our series tomorrow with a study of some of the prominent stone sculptures of Garuda in Rajasthan, Central India, and back in the south, in Halebid and Belur, let us first recall some of Sri Garuda's most prominent attributes and pastimes, as noted in Ramashraya Sharma's study of the Valmini Ramayana:

"Among birds only Garuda (variously known as garutmat, the winged, suparna, of lovely wings, tarkshaya, the son of Tarksha-Kasyapa, paksi-raja and pattagotama, the lord of birds) is noteworthy. He is the son of Vinata, the great-grand-daughter of the Prajapati Kasyapa. Arjuna the charioteer of Surya is his brother and Sumati his sister. Sumati was married to king Sagara and on that account Garuda is called matula (maternal uncle) of the sixty-thousand sons of Sagara.

Garuda bears an everlasting hostility to the serpants -- pannagasana, bhujagiri, and other synonyms are his popular epithets - who are possessed of panic the moment they smell of him and try to slip away from his sight in whichever direction possible.

His principle feat is the carrying off of ambrosia from the home of Mahendra, disregarding the blazing flames that were set around it as hurdles. He is also glorified for having saved the Balakhilyas from getting crushed under the heavy branch of the Sucandra-nyagrodha as it gave way under his own weight, rendered heavier by the elephant and the huge tortoise whom he was carrying as food on his onward journey to the Mahendra-bhavana for ambrosia. He is said to have carried a long distance the entire branch along with his load (of the elephant and the tortoise) and dropped it over a habitation of the Nishadas.

Garuda is renowned for his great speed. He ranges in the sky like a meteor, throwing the clouds topsyturvy. The gush of wind produced from his wings causes a tremor in the mountains, a strong flutter in the water of the sea and overturns a large number of trees. Visnu has a great liking for him on account of his might and speed, and employs him as His conveyance. Garuda not only serves Visnu as his conveyance, but also assists him in actual fighting. He flung away the Rakshasa Malyavan fighting against Visnu and released Rama and Laksmana in the Lanka war from the effects of Indrajit's sarpa-bandha."

And given that we will close this series with examples of Garuda murtis from Karnataka in the South, we also offer an excerpt from Garuda Dandakam, spoken by Tamil Swami Desikan, who was initiated into the Garuda Mantram by his Acarya, Sri Appullar. Incidentally, the Tamil word 'pul' means 'a bird'. Here the reference is to the divine bird, Garuda, who is also known as Pakshi Raja (the king of Birds). The Garuda Mantram includes among its five syllables the two syllables constituted by the word 'pakshi'.
This Garuda Mantram was a mantram of Appullar's family. After instructing Sri Desikan on all relevant Sri Vaishnava granthas, Rahasyas Tarka and Vyaakarna, Sri Appullar initiated him into the recitation of Garuda Dandakam, which glorifies Garuda by observing the following:

• Vedas praising Garuda Bhagavaan

• Garuda's service to Sriman Narayana as His Vehicle and Flag

• His matrimonial status with his two wives, Rudrai and Sukeerthi

• His adornment of great serpents as his jewellery on his limbs

• His heroic deed in bringing nectar from Indra Loka

• His other heroic deeds in battles on behalf of his Lord

• His splendour as the Amsa (aspect) of Para Vasudeva, his Sankarshana Swaroopam

• His manifestion in five individual forms

• His conferral of Vedhanta Vidya to his aspiring devotees, i.e., his status as an Acarya

• The worship of Lord Garudan by learned scholars and saints

• His power as the Garuda Mantra Moorthy

• His power to bless one with the four Purusharthas (goals) of life

• His incarnation as Garudan as a result of the prayers of the Vaalakilya sages

• His power to bless one with the true knowledge, or Brahma Vidya

Sri Garuda Dandakam
Salutations to Sri Garuda with beautiful wings

Sloka 1
Nama: pannaganaddhaaya vaikunta vasavardhineh
Sruti-sindhu Sudhothpaada-mandaraaya Garutmathe

Salutations to Garuda with the beautiful wings. His limbs are adorned by the mighty serpents that he has conquered in battle. They are his jewellery. He does all the intimate kainkaryas to his Lord and is His Antharanga dhaasan. Garuda is devoted always to the Lord and His services. He is adept like the Mandara Mountain in churning the milky ocean of Vedas and to bring out the Brahma Vidyas. We can get the benefits of these Brahma Vidyas by offering our worship to him. My salutations are to him.
Dhandakam Paada 1

Garudamakhila Veda NeeDadhirooDam Dhvishath Peedanothkantithaakunta
vaikuntapeetikrta skandhameedhe SvaneeDaa gatipreetha Rudraa Sukeerthi
sthanaabhoga-gaaDopakuDa sphuratkantakavraata veda vyataavepamaana
dhvijihavaadhikalpa vishppaaryamaaNa sphataavatikaa ratna rochischataa raaji-
neerajitham kaanti kallolinee raajitam

Sri Garudans wives Rudrai, Sukeerthi - Bindignavile

Garuda Bhagavan has designed the Vedas as his cage and uses that cage as his seat. (This suggests that the Vedas sing his praise). His Lord Sriman Narayana is bent upon destroying the enemies of His devotees. No one can stop Sriman Narayana in these endeavors. When He sets about to destroy the enemies of His devotees, he uses the shoulders of Garuda as his transport. When Garuda transports his Lord on His missions, his wives-Rudrai and Sukeerthi-- miss his absence from home. When the Lord’s mission is successfully concluded, Garuda returns to his wives and they embrace him intimately with affection. In that ecstatic state, the hairs on the body of Garuda become stiff like thorns. This in turn hurts the serpents, which are covering his body. The serpents are overcome with fear and they raise their hoods. On those occasions, the ratnas positioned on their hoods radiate their brilliant red rays. That splendorous group of red rays appear at that time as the mangala Aarathi to Garuda and he sparkles in that flood of red light.

                                                  Dhandakam Paada 2

Jaya Garuda Suparna Darveekaraahaara Devaadhipaahaarahaarin diwowkaspati
Kshipta Dambholi Dhaaraa kinaakalpa Kalpaantha Vatoola Kalpodhayaanalpa
Veerayithoodhyacchamatkaara Dhaityaari Jaitra Dhwajaarohanirdhaaritothkarsha
Sankarshanaatman Garutman Marutpanchakaadheesa Sathyaathimurthe na Kascchit
samas te namaste punaste nama

O Garuda Bhagavan! You have been named Suparna, because of the beauty of your wings. Serpents of immense size serve as your food. You brought Nectar, the food of the Devas- from Indra Loka to release your mother from the bonds of servitude. Indra got angry at you during that time and threw his Vajra weapon at you. The sharp edge of that powerful weapon caused wounds on your wings and rest of the body. The welts from those wounds look today as pieces of jewellery on your body and attest to your heroic deed in defeating Indra. Your other heroic deeds stand out like the mighty winds that sweep the universe during the time of the great deluge. You are sitting on the flag of your Lord, which denotes His victory over His enemies; from your position on the flag of your Lord, we are able to infer your glories. You have incarnated as Sankarshana among the four Vyuha Murthys of Sriman Narayana, which are Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradhumna and Aniruddha.

You have divided yourself into five forms-- Satyar, Suparnar, Garudar, Taarkshyar and Vihageswarar-- and matched those five forms with the five Vayus (Praanan, Apaanan, Samaanan, Udhaanan and Vyaanan) and shine thereafter as a supreme Devan. O Lord with the most exquisitely beautiful golden Wings! There is none, who is equal to you. I offer my salutations to you first and then again repeat my salutations.
Dhandakam Paada 3

Nama Idhamajahath-saparyaaya Paryaaya-niryaata- pakshaanilaasppalanodhvela
PaToti Veechi- chapetaahataagaadha paatala Bhankara sankruttha nagendra
peetaasrunee bhaava bhasvannakhasreNayE chandatundaaya nrtyat bhujanga
bhruve vajrine dhamshtrayaa thubhyam Adhyaatmavidyaa vidheyaa vidheyaa
bhavath dhasyamaapaadhayeta dhayaTaasccha meh

O Garuda Bhagavan! Learned scholars offer their uninterrupted worships to you. Your wings in flight generate mighty winds that stir up all the oceans and make them flow over their boundaries. The waves that rise and fall from those powerful winds reach down to the netherworld (Paatalam) and the effect is like a violent blow given by the palm of one’s hand.

A frightening sound heard as "Bhaam" reverberates around the world at that time. The mighty elephants guarding the quarters are shaken up by this mighty sound of "Bhaam" and run to attack you, the generator of that sound. Your rows of sharp nails acting as the elephant goad attack those angry elephants of the quarters and repulse them. Your mighty beak raises terror in the minds of your enemies. When you knot your brows, it looks like the movement of the hood of a Cobra. Your canine teeth look like the Vajra weapon of Indra and strikes terror in the hearts of your enemies. My salutations to you of such limitless glory! May thou bless me so that Brahma Vidyas become easy to be possessed by me! Please bless me out of your infinite compassion so that I can have the good fortune to offer kainkaryams to you.

                                           Dhandakam Paada 4

Manuranugata Pakshi-vaktra sphurattharakas taavakaschitrabhanupriyaa
sekharastthrayathaam nasthrivargaapavarga prasuthi: paravyoma dhaaman
valadhveshidharpajjvalath Vaalakilya PratigynaavatheerNa sTiraam tatvabuddhim
paraam bhaktidhenum jaganmoolakandhe Mukundhe mahaanandadhogdhreem
dhatiTaa mudhaakaamaheenamaheenaanthaka

O Garuda Bhagavan residing permanently in Sri Vaikuntam! Your mantram confers to the reciters the four fold (Dharma-Artha-Kama -Moksha) goals of Life. That mantram of yours made up of 5 syllables, has the Pranavam as its first syllable. At the end, it carries the syllable associated with the wife of Agni. May the mantram of that structure protect us! Once, Devendran became arrogant over his powers and insulted the Sages with the name of Vaalakilyas. (The sages got angry and cursed Indra. They cursed that Indra’s arrogance be destroyed by an incarnation of Sankarshana (Garuda) on a future date). You were born from the vow made by the Vaalakilyas that you destroy the mighty arrogance of Indra and you made their words come true. You serve as the lord of Death for mighty serpents that challenged you.

Please bless me with the discriminating knowledge to distinguish between true (superior) and false (inferior) knowledge. Your Lord is the fundamental and principal cause of all the universes. Please bless me to have the cow representing the limitless devotion to your Lord, so that it can yield for me its delectable milk. May that devotion of mine be free from the distractions of the insignificant and evanescent pleasures of life! May thou confer on me the boon of possessing such a superior devotion to your Lord and True Knowledge about Him!

Sloka 2

Shat-thrhimsathgana-charanoh nara paripaati naveena Ghumbhagana:
Vishnurata-dhandakoyam Vigatayathu vipaksha Vaahini Vyuham

This entire Garuda Dhandakam is of the form of one slokam. This has four Paadas. Each of the Paadas has 36 GaNaas. Each Gana has three syllables. This Dhandakam follows strictly the rules of composing Dhandakams and has the NagaNaas and RagaNaas in each of the Paadas and yields novel word constructions. When one recites this Garuda Dhandakam, it will destroy the formations of the enemies, who have assembled to do battle with us and scatter them to the winds.

Concluding Sloka
Vichitra siddhidada: soyam Venkatesa Vipascchitaa
Garudadhwaja-thoshaaya Gheetho Garudadhandaka


Garudadandaka - Lyrics in Tamil.Pdf


  1. excellent ....I am artist ...Indian Woman...........wanted to know about Sri vaiguntam and how it will be with whom and all ....While I browsed I ended in love with Garudaalwar. My pranaams to him