Thursday, March 10, 2011

4000 Divya Prabhantham

The Naalayira Divya Prabandham (Tamil: நாலாயிர திவ்ய பிரபந்தம்) is a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses (Naalayira in Tamil means 'four thousand') composed before 8th century AD,[1] by the 12 Alwars, and was compiled in its present form by Nathamuni during the 9th – 10th centuries. The work is the beginning of the canonization of the 12 Vaishnava poet saints, and these hymns are still sung extensively even today. The works were lost before they were collected and organized in the form of an anthology by Nathamuni.

The Prabandham sings the praise of Narayana (or Vishnu) and his many forms. The Alwars sung these songs at various sacred shrines. These shrines are known as the Divya Desams.

The Iyengars (Tamil Vaishnavites) are also known as Ubhaya Vedanti (those that follow both vedas). (In many temples, Srirangam, for example, the chanting of the Divya Prabandham forms a major part of the daily service. Prominent among the 4,000 verses are the 1,100+ verses known as the Thiru Vaaymozhi, composed by Nammalwar (Kaari Maaran, Sadagopan) of Thiru Kurugoor.

The Tiruvaymoli ("words of the sacred mouth") is one of the Divya Prabandham, an important liturgical compilation of the Tamil Alwar Bhaktas, collected in the 9th century by Nammalwar. The author self-identifies as a lovelorn Gopi pining for Krishna.

The following table shows the details of the 4000 pasurams


Sl no     Name           Starting from    Ending with     Number of           Sung by
                                                                                pasurams 
1          Thirumozhi          1                     473                   473                Periyalvar
2          Thiruppavai        474                   503                    30                 Aandaal
3     Nachiar tirumozhi    504                   646                   143                 Aandaal
4     Perumal thirumozhi  647                   751                   105              Kulasekara alvar
5     Thiruchchanda
         viruththam            752                   871                   120             Thirumalisai alvar
6         Thirumalai           872                   916                    45          Thondaradippodi alvar
7      Thiruppalliye
            -zhuchchi           917                   926                   10           Thondaradippodi alvar
8      Amalanadhi
           piran                   927                   936                   10             Thiruppaan alvar
9        Kanni nun
         siruththambu          937                   947                   11            Madhurakavi Alvar
10     Peria
        -thirumozhi             948                  2031                 1084          Thirumangai alvar
11   Kurun thandagam      2032                  2051                   20           Thirumangai alvar
12   Nedum thandagam    2052                  2081                   30           Thirumangai alvar
13    Mudhal
      thiruvandhadhi         2082                  2181                  100                Poigai alvar
14    Irandam
       thiruvandhadhi        2182                  2281                  100            Bhoothathalvar
15    Moonram
      thiruvandhadhi         2282                  2381                  100                Peyalvar
16      Naanmugan
       thiruvandhadhi        2382                  2477                   96           Thirumalisai alvar
17   Thiruviruththam       2478                  2577                  100               Nammalvar
18     Thiruvasiriyam       2578                  2584                    7                Nammalvar
19       Peria
       thiruvandhadhi        2585                  2671                   87               Nammalvar
20   Thiruvezhukkurr
        -irukkai                  2672                  2672                    1           Thirumangai alvar
21   Siriya thirumadal      2673                  2712                    40          Thirumangai alvar
22   Peria thiru madal      2713                  2790                    78          Thirumangai alvar
23    Thiruvay mozhi       2791                  3892                   1102           Nammalvar
24       Ramanuja                                                                            Thiruvarangatha
       nootranthadhi         3893                   4000                   108           -mudhanar

Total number of pasurams                                              4000










2 comments:

  1. hi,

    can I get audio version of 4000 divya prabhantham?

    Thanks.
    Ravikumar V.

    ReplyDelete